45 benefits of music education (235 studies cited)
This page summarises the benefits of music education. With 45 distinct benefits identified from 235 studies listed, it’s by far the largest collection of its kind on the internet, and it’s updated annually.
The 45 benefits of music education
The benefits are grouped by category. Click the category headers to jump to the supporting studies for further detail, statistics and sources.
Children who have had music education show improvements in:
4. Gradings across all subjects
5. IQ and other intelligence tests
6. Attention span
9. Language-based reasoning
10. Spatial-temporal reasoning
11. Non-verbal reasoning
12. Problem solving
13. Fine motor skills
14. Task planning and organisation
15. Ability to complete tasks
16. Verbal memory
17. Memory recall
18. Linguistic skills
19. Ability to distinguish words
20. Reading skills
25. Prosocial skills
26. Spontaneous cooperative behaviour
27. Helpful behaviour
28. The development of the part of the brain responsible for auditory function
29. Perceptual-motor skills
Adults who have had music education show improvements in:
30. Speed of brain response to speech
31. Speech discrimination from noise
32. Brain circulation
33. Age-related delays in neural timing
34. Age-related hearing decline in the brain
35. Protection against dementia
36. Cognitive flexibility and working memory in elderly
37. Attention and memory in stroke patients
38. Mood in general
39. Feelings of burnout
40. Psychological wellbeing
41. Reaction times to external stimuli
42. Breathing in patients with respiratory symptoms (singing lessons)
43. The production of antibodies
44. Stress and reverses the body’s response to stress at the DNA-level
45. Blood pressure
A field of study that is exploding
In compiling the studies listed below, we identified an unexpected and interesting insight: 83% of the studies carried out on this topic have been published in the last 13 years. Given this field of study has only exploded relatively recently, it’s unsurprising that the extraordinary benefits of music are not more widely known.
How we identified the 235 studies (methodology)
Initially, in 2020, we set out to compile the world’s largest and most detailed list of studies showing benefits of music and music education. To achieve this our researcher set aside six weeks purely for research and categorisation during which he discovered studies by:
- Sifting through the major existing online lists of studies (the largest was 70)
- Carrying out Google News research to uncover articles referencing studies
- Searching scientific publications and online journals
- Discarding any studies that had been retracted
This resulted in 206 unique studies being identified initially.
In April 2022, we revisited the above method to identify additional studies for 2020 and 2021 and this took our tally to 235.
While we would not assert that this methodology was exhaustive, we do believe it was extensive and certainly sufficient to be able to draw the conclusion that this topic has grown significantly in popularity in the scientific community since 2008, with 83% of the studies we found being published from that date onwards.
235 studies categorised, summarised and linked
Study shows a benefit of learning a musical instrument or singing.
Study shows a benefit of listening to music.
Jump to a type of benefit
We’ve categorised the studies by the type of benefit they show. Browse our list and jump straight to a benefit of your choice.
Improves cognitive performance
A study on healthy older adults showed that those with musical experience of ten or more years scored higher on cognitive tests compared to musicians with less the ten years of experience and non-musicians.
Improves attention and working memory
In a study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience, it was shown that children who are musically trained perform better in terms of attention and memory recall.
Improves working memory
In a study published in PLOS, musicians were found to have better working memory than non-musicians.
Improves verbal memory
This study stated that children who had music training showed better verbal memory compared to their counterparts who did not receive music training.
Improves memory recall
Six weeks of music intervention was able to improve memory recall on the digit span test in children.
Improves memory in patients with dementia
Researchers were able to observe that both singing and listening to music enhances memory in patients with dementia.
According to this study, listening to the music a person likes helps with the reinforcement of learning and the recall of information.
Increases memory recall
In this study, participants who were asked to read and recall a shortlist of words performed better when listening to classical music compared to those who listened to white noise or silence.
Slows cognitive decline
In a study of adults with early memory loss, researchers discovered that listening to music improves memory function and lowers self-reports of cognitive decline in patients with preclinical Alzheimer’s disease.
Improves verbal memory
According to a study published in the journal Frontiers, using musical mnemonics or memory techniques are more effective than spoken words in verbal memory learning tasks.
Aids in the formation of accurate memories
Research from the University of California – Davis suggests that remembering a song and associating it with a memory of an event helps in the formation and recall of that memory accurately.
Listening to music that matches their mood helped improve memory recall
Older adults who listen to music that fits their mood exhibit an increase in digit span recall as compared to listening to music that does not match their emotions. This is according to a study published in Acta Psychologica.
Improves speech response throughout a lifetime
According to this study, older adults who had music lessons as children yet did not play music most of their adulthood have faster brain responses to speech sounds compared to those who never learned to play an instrument.
Improves linguistic development
It has been shown that regular music play for 5 to 6-year-old children has a positive effect on linguistic skills.
Helps with word discrimination
Researchers have found that piano lessons have a specific effect on kindergartners’ ability to distinguish between different pitches, which translates into an improvement in distinguishing between words.
How music lessons can improve language skills
Yun Nan, Li Liu, Hua Shu, and Qi Dong, all of Beijing Normal University; Eveline Geiser, a former MIT research scientist; Chen-Chen Gong, an MIT research associate; and John Gabrieli, the Grover M. Hermann Professor in Health Sciences and Technology, a professor of brain and cognitive sciences, and a member of MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research.
Improves reading and language skills
In a study presented at the American Psychological Association’s 122nd Annual Convention, it was shown that learning to play a musical instrument can help disadvantaged children improve their language and reading skills.
Increases reading ability
Children who learned to play the piano exhibited enhanced reading and vocabulary ability compared to children who did not undergo any type of music tuition, according to a study published in the Journal Psychology of Music.
Improves discernment of sounds and speech
In a study published by Northwestern University, it was shown that musicians better coped with the effects of aging on their ability to hear words even with noise in the background.
Improves writing and reading skills
A study conducted with over 13,000 high school students was able to show that those who participated in music training scored higher in English than those who did not.
Correlates to better grammar
According to a study from the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, a child’s ability to distinguish musical rhythm is related to his or her capacity for understanding grammar.
Improves pitch and speech perception
In this study, we see that involvement in music-making is associated with a better ability to perceive pitch and speech in children.
Enhances reading and speech discrimination
In this study, six months of music training was shown to improve reading and pitch discrimination of speech for children.
Improves reading skills in children with dyslexia
Findings from this research show that music training for dyslexic children produced an improvement in their reading skills.
Helps the elderly distinguish speech from noise
Researchers found that even short-term music training was beneficial to the elderly in enhancing their ability to distinguish speech from noise.
Improves speech response in babies
This research shows that play sessions with music improve babies’ brain processing of both music and new speech sounds.
Aids in the recovery of patients who had a stroke
A study from the University of Helsinki showed that listening to vocal music after a stroke helped improve language recovery in the patients.
Boosts performance in Science, Maths and English
High school students who took up music courses scored significantly higher in Maths, Science and English exams compared to their non-musical peers, according to this study.
Improves exam performance
Students enrolled in music programs scored higher in exams regardless of whether the music programme was deemed to be high quality or not.
Improves maths, social skills, and attention span
A University of Queensland led study has shown that informal music activity at home improves maths skills, prosocial skills, and attention span over and above the effects of shared book reading.
Improves test scores
Students who participated in school band showed continuous and stable higher test scores over time.
Improves performances in maths and English
This study showed that participation in school music groups correlates to better performances in maths and English.
Improves sustained attention and focus
Studying music leads to lasting changes in children’s brains, increasing their ability to perform tasks that require prolonged attention and careful listening and reading.
Improves maths skills
In one study from the Center for the Study of Human Development, it was demonstrated that piano lessons can significantly enhance maths ability compared to people who did not take up music lessons.
Is associated with higher IQ test scores
In a study from the Karolinska Institutet, it was discovered that those who scored better on intelligence tests are those who do well with tapping to a rhythm.
Improves reasoning, planning and organisation
According to the study published in the journal Frontiers, music lessons result in improvement in language-based reasoning and the ability to plan, organize, and complete tasks that can translate to better academic performance scores.
Increases focus and ability to absorb information
Studies have shown that instrument training from an early age can help the brain to better process sounds, making it easier to stay focused when absorbing information from other subjects.
Enhances vocabulary and non-verbal reasoning
The results of this study suggest that instrumental music training may enhance auditory discrimination, fine motor skills, vocabulary, and non-verbal reasoning.
Enhances verbal intelligence and executive function
After only one month of music lessons (in rhythm, pitch, melody and voice), a study at York University showed that 90% of children between the ages of 4 and 6 had a significant increase in verbal intelligence during an executive-function task.
Improves brain efficiency
Researchers from Baycrest’s Rotman Research Institute discovered that people who were trained in music and people who are bilingual used fewer brain resources during memory tests compared to people who had no formal training in music.
Supports cognitive development
After 30 weeks of music training, the study participants demonstrated improved cognitive function specifically in the area of spatial temporal reasoning.
Improves test outcomes
Students who were involved in music education scored higher in maths, science, reading, and citizenship tests compared to those without music training.
Improves the ability to focus
Children who had music lessons displayed enhanced ability to tune out irrelevant information and focus attention on the matter at hand compared to the group without lessons.
Is associated with better grades across all subjects
This study showed that students studying music have better grades across all subjects than those who do not.
Improves spatial-temporal task performance
Students who received keyboard lessons performed better in spatial-temporal tasks.
Is associated with better academic performance
Participation in music, whether inside or outside of school, was associated with better academic achievement among children and adolescents.
Enhances executive function in children
Children between 6 to 7 years old who had music lessons showed improvement in executive function such as thinking, planning, control, and organization according to a study published in the journal Learning and Instruction.
Invokes high states of concentration
A study from Stanford’s Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustic showed that fast drum beats can place the mind in a state of increased concentration.
Increases attention span
A study from the University of Southern Denmark showed that just 12 minutes of listening to binaural beats and 4 weeks of mindfulness training were effective interventions to counteract the effects of mental fatigue on sustained attention.
Acts as a reward that drives learning
According to a study published by the National Academy of Sciences, music can act as a reward that motivates participants into learning.
Can improve short-term information retention
A US study has shown that when students listen to the same classical music during study and while asleep, a method used to target reactivation of memories during sleep, their chances of passing upcoming exams increased.
Improves perceptual-motor skills
The group who participated in music education showed significant improvement in perceptual-motor skills compared to the control group.
Develops brain motor function
People who performed a basic movement task while listening to music showed increased connectivity between the regions of the brain that process sound and control movement suggesting music can enhance brain motor function.
Improves movement in patients with Parkinson's disease
In a study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, it was found that music therapy was able to improve the movement of patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Helps improve balance and movement in patients with multiple sclerosis
Researchers were able to demonstrate that 3 times per week of music assisted gait therapy was able to improve balance, speed, mobility in patients being treated for multiple sclerosis.
How may patients with MS benefit from using music-assisted therapy? A case-control feasibility study investigating motor outcomes and beyond.
Maria Grazia Maggio, Daniele Tripoli, Bruno Porcari, Alfredo Manuli, Serena Filoni, Antonino Naro,Mareike Eschweiler, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Improves motor function in Parkinson's patients
It was shown that music-based movement therapy was able to significantly improve the balance, freezing of gait, walking velocity, and mental health of patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Speeds up reaction time and improves multisensory processing
In this study, musicians were found to react faster to external stimuli and have “a statistical advantage when responding to multisensory stimuli compared to non-musicians”.
Strengthens breathing and swallowing muscles
In a study published in the Journal of Disability and Rehabilitation, it was shown that singing was able to help those with Parkinson’s disease maintain the muscle strength of their respiratory, swallowing, and voice muscles.
Helps post-workout recovery
Listening to slow music after a workout helps with the post-workout recovery as mentioned in a study from Narayana Medical College.
Makes exercise seem easier
A study published in the journal Frontiers was able to determine that listening to high-tempo music during endurance training exercises like walking was able to reduce the perceived effort of performing the exercise.
Makes people run faster
According to one study, runners who listened to fast motivational songs ran faster than those who listened to calm music or no music at all.
Music is a natural energizer. In fact, according to a study from Brunel University, listening to music while exercising increases endurance by as much as 15%.
Makes people exercise with higher intensity
A study of male college students showed that while riding stationary bicycles, the participants who listened to fast music worked harder in their exercise.
Makes exercise seem easier
This study found that listening to upbeat music makes rigorous exercise seem easier, even for people who are insufficiently active.
Positively effects exercise
A review of current studies showed that listening to music during physical activities enhances physical performance, reduces perceived exertion, and improves physiological efficiency.
Helps obese children with endurance while running
Researchers observed that listening to music while exercising on a treadmill increased the endurance of obese children.
Enhances the benefits of running as an exercise
Listening to music when partnered with running was able to improve a person’s performance whenever they feel mental fatigue.
Helps with bench press workouts
Listening to music for just 3 minutes before doing bench presses resulted in an increase in muscle power explosiveness and strength-endurance according to a study published in the journal “Perceptual and Motor Skills”.
Helps athletes with motivation during exercise
Collegiate athletes who listened to their preferred music as an exercise warm-up reported increased motivation which in turn optimizes their performance and training.
Makes running easier for runners
The use of self-selected motivational music helped runners feel as though running was easier and required less effort and exertion according to a study published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
Alleviates some respiratory diseases
A study from Mount Sinai Beth Israel found that when patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease participated in music therapy involving wind instruments, they reported improvement with their symptoms, psychological well-being, and quality of life compared to patients who received rehabilitation alone.
Offers various benefits to quadriplegic patients
Group singing sessions were able to improve respiratory function, voice, mood, and quality of life in quadriplegic participants.
Helps respiration in Parkinson's patients
Parkinson’s disease patients were able to improve their voice, respiratory control, and quality of life using singing.
Accelerates brain development
A study published in the journal Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience presented evidence that music education can accelerate the development of the part of the brain responsible for auditory function.
Improves brain circulation
A study from the University of Liverpool was able to determine that musical training is capable of improving brain circulation.
Helps preserve brain function
According to this study, music training has a lasting positive impact on the aging process. Age-related delays in neural timing can be avoided or offset with musical training.
Improves mental functioning in the elderly
In a study published in PLOS, elderly people with minimal music experience showed an improvement in cognitive flexibility and working memory after six months of piano instruction.
Helps with stroke recovery
Music has been determined to have rejuvenating properties even for a brain that is traumatized. In one study from the University of Helsinki, stroke patients who listened to music experienced significant improvements in mood, attention, and memory.
Music listening enhances cognitive recovery and mood after middle cerebral artery stroke
Teppo Särkämö, Mari Tervaniemi, Sari Laitinen, Anita Forsblom, Seppo Soinila, Mikko Mikkonen, Taina Autti, Heli M. Silvennoinen, Jaakko Erkkilä, Matti Laine, Isabelle Peretz, Marja Hietanen.
Prevents age-related hearing decline in the brain
Musicians experience less age-related hearing decline in the brain compared to those without a music background.
Protects against dementia & cognitive impairment
A study of 157 pairs of twins showed that playing a musical instrument helps to protect against dementia and cognitive impairment.
Enhances cognitive function among the elderly
It was discovered that singing in a choir was able to positively influence the cognitive performance of the elderly in a way similar to that of playing a musical instrument.
Helps in the auditory rehabilitation of the hearing impaired who use hearing aids and implants
Music training is effective in helping patients with hearing aids and cochlear implants rehabilitate and improve their ability to hear. This is according to a study published in the journal Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology.
Stimulates and protects the brain
A study from the University of Helsinki showed that listening to classical music enhanced the activity of genes involved in the brain’s dopamine secretion and transport, synaptic neurotransmission, learning, memory, and decreases the activity of genes responsible for brain degeneration.
Improves visual attention in stroke patients
Researchers observed that when stroke patients listened to pleasant music their ability to focus visually on important details increased.
Helps reduce seizure frequency in epileptic patients
Listening to music from Mozart when added with medication, was able to reduce the frequency of seizures in epileptic patients.
Daily listening to Mozart reduces seizures in individuals with epilepsy: A randomized control study
Marjan Rafiee, Kramay Patel, David M. Groppe, Danielle M. Andrade, Eduard Bercovici, Esther Bui, Peter L. Carlen, Aylin Reid ,Peter Tai, Donald Weaver, Richard Wennberg, Taufik A. Valiante.
Helps in stroke rehabilitation
Music therapy sessions have a positive effect on the neurorehabilitation of stroke patients as well as improving their mood, according to this study.
Improves stroke patients' visual attention
Researchers showed that stroke patients improved their visual attention, or the ability to focus on visually relevant subjects, when they listened to classical music.
Improves neural connectivity
According to a study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, people who have cognitive impairment demonstrated improved neural connectivity when they are made to listen to personally meaningful music.
Reduces the frequency of seizures in epilepsy
A study published in the international journal Epilepsia Open was able to observe that listening to Mozart’s “Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major, K. 448” was able to reduce the occurrence of seizures in epileptic patients.
Daily listening to Mozart reduces seizures in individuals with epilepsy: A randomized control study.
Marjan Rafiee, Kramay Patel, David M. Groppe, Danielle M. Andrade, Eduard Bercovici, Esther Bui, Peter L. Carlen, Aylin Reid, Peter Tai, Donald Weaver, Richard Wennberg, Taufik A. Valiante.
Alleviates mental fatigue
A study from the University of Southern Denmark Faculty of Health Sciences demonstrated that listening to binaural beats daily for 12 minutes together with mindfulness practice was able to relieve mental fatigue in the study participants.
Helps with the neurorehabilitation of acute stroke patients
Research has found that music therapy improves the concentration, function, and mood of stroke patients.
Decreases agitation in patients with Alzheimer's and dementia
According to a study from the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, implementing music therapy on patients was able to reduce the level of agitation that they experience.
Music Compared with Auditory Books: A Randomized Controlled Study Among Long-Term Care Residents with Alzheimer’s Disease or Related Dementia.
Tracie C. HarrisonPhD, RN, Shelley A.Blozis Ph.D., Bianca Schmidt RN, BS, Alisha Johnson RN, Roxanne Moreno BS, Sherilyn Mead RN, Michael Gayle PT, DPT
Increases antibody production
In a study from Willamette University, it was found that people who actively participated in musical activity had increased antibody production which could correspond to an increase in immune function.
Improves ability to fight infections
In the journal for Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, a study was presented showing that drumming can increase the activity of circulating white blood cells in our body thereby increasing our ability to fight infections.
Strengthens the immune system
This study found that listening to music can protect people against infections since it can increase the production of immune cells in the body.
Improves mood and reduces feelings of burnout
In a study involving 112 long-term care workers, those who participated in group drumming with keyboard accompaniment showed improvement in mood and reduced feelings of burnout.
Improves quality of life in older people
In a study of health promotion in older people, measures of health and quality of life were consistently higher among those who participated in group singing than among the non-singing group.
Improves quality of life in people with dementia
According to a study published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, dementia patients who participated in group singing activities reported improved quality of life.
Improves well-being in terminally ill patients
A structured singing experience improved the psychological well-being of hospice patients.
The journal Nature published a study stating that listening to music causes an increased release of dopamine. Dopamine is the same neurotransmitter that’s released when we feel happy, so this demonstrates a relationship between music and its pleasurable effects.
Improves emotional wellbeing during the COVID pandemic
According to a study published on the Frontiers in Psychology website, those who practice music activity reported better scores with their affect regulation and emotional wellbeing.
Makes people perceive others as happier
According to a study published in the journal Neuroscience Letters, those who listened to happy music perceive other people’s faces as being happier.
A study from the British Academy of Sound Therapy was able to determine that listening to music for as little as 13 minutes helped improve sadness in study participants.
Improves symptoms of depression
Participants receiving music therapy as well as standard care showed greater improvement with their depression than those receiving standard care only.
Reduces depression in children
In a study published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, researchers found that Music therapy reduces depression in children and adolescents with behavioral and emotional problems.
Music therapy for children and adolescents with behavioral and emotional problems: a randomized controlled trial
Sam Porter, Tracey McConnell, Katrina McLaughlin, Fiona Lynn, Christopher Cardwell, Hannah‐Jane Braiden, Jackie Boylan, Valerie Holmes.
Improves mood while driving
A study published in the journal Ergonomics was able to show that listening to music while driving improves mood which in turn translates to better road and driving safety.
Improves the mood of children with cancer
Children who participated in interactive music therapy reported improvement of mood and a noticeable positive effect on play.
Helps the elderly with the symptoms of depression
An extensive review of randomized controlled trials showed that music has a significant effect on improving the symptoms of depression in elderly patients.
Reduces symptoms of depression in adults
Listening to music over the span of three weeks reduced depressive symptoms in adult participants.
Improves quality of life of children undergoing treatment
In this study, music therapy was shown to increase the health‐related quality of life scores in children undergoing stem cell transplantation.
Reduces stress and improves wellbeing in health practitioners
According to this study, clinical staff responding to COVID-19 outbreak in Italy reported improvements in their levels of tiredness, sadness, fear, and worry after undergoing music therapy.
Receptive music therapy to reduce stress and improve wellbeing in Italian clinical staff involved in COVID-19 pandemic: A preliminary study
Filippo Giordanoa, Elide Scarlatab, Mariagrazia Baronic, Eleonora Gentiled, Filomena Puntilloe, Nicola Brienzaf, Loreto Gesualdog.
Improves happiness in late adolescents
A study involving 229 late adolescents demonstrated that listening to music they liked lead to general happiness in life.
Reduces depressive symptoms associated with dementia
Based on several reviews of studies, it was determined that at least five sessions of music therapy were able to reduce symptoms of depression in patients with dementia.
Enhances the effect of standard treatment for depression
This study states that the addition of music therapy to standard treatment for depression is a safe and effective intervention to implement.
Helps with Seasonal Affective Disorder
A study was able to show that music therapy is effective in alleviating distress for elderly patients with seasonal affective disorder.
Reverses the effects of stress at a DNA level
Making music reduces the subjective feeling of stress and reverses the body’s response to stress at the DNA-level.
Relaxes the body
In a study published in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, it was stated that using classical music as an intervention was able to decrease heart rate, lower blood pressure and slow down respiration thereby providing an overall relaxing effect to the body.
Decreases stress levels
In one study it was shown that those who listened to self-selected or classical music experience decreased levels of stress compared to those who listened to heavy metal music or just silence.
Is an effective stress relief intervention
A study published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology stated that listening to music was able to reduce physiological markers for stress.
Reduces stress hormone levels
A study from The National Center for Biotechnology Information showed that listening to music reduced the levels of the stress hormone cortisol in the study participants.
Reduces pre-surgery anxiety
The anxiety-reducing effects of music are so strong it is even used to help with pre-surgery anxiety. This study published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice explores the effect of different types of music on pre-surgery anxiety.
Decreases stress levels during day surgery
In a study published in the British Journal of Surgery, researchers found that music is effective in decreasing the levels of stress a patient experiences during a day operation.
Reduces anxiety prior to minor surgery
Music can also be used for minor procedures to reduce anxiety and help with patient sedation according to the study published in the journal Applied Nursing Research.
Decreases anxiety and depression in dementia patients
In another study from The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, the use of music therapy on Alzheimer’s patients was able to decrease anxiety and depression in both self-report and salivary markers for stress.
Does Music Therapy Improve Anxiety and Depression in Alzheimer’s Patients?
José Enrique de la Rubia Ortí, María Pilar García-Pardo, Carmen Cabañés Iranzo, José Joaquin Cerón Madrigal, Sandra Sancho Castillo, Mariano Julián Rochina, Vicente Javier Prado Gascó.
Relieves anxiety and fatigue in cancer patients
Cancer patients experiencing anxiety and fatigue experienced relief while undergoing music therapy. This was stated in a study by Drexel University published by Cochrane.
Reduces anxiety in heart attack patients
Music was proven to be effective in relieving stress in patients with presumptive myocardial infarction or heart attacks based on a study published in the Journal of Critical Care.
Lowers anxiety in children with cancer
Children diagnosed with cancer and under isolation showed positive results with music therapy in resolving their anxiety according to a study published in the journal Music Therapy.
Reduces anxiety in stroke patients
A study from the journal Rehabilitation Nursing was able to show that having stroke patients listen to music even for just an hour reduced their anxiety scores during acute rehabilitation.
Reduces anxiety as efficiently as oral medication prior to surgery
According to this study, the effects of relaxing music on patients’ anxiety prior to surgery were comparable to orally given medications without apparent adverse effects.
Helps relieve stress and anxiety during pregnancy
Music therapy was found to reduce psychological stress, anxiety, and depression in a study of 236 pregnant women.
Calms patients who are on a ventilator
This study’s findings showed that patients on mechanical ventilation showed greater relaxation when they listened to one 30 minute session of music.
Reduces agitation of patients with dementia
When music therapists played dementia patients familiar music, patients showed a marked decline in symptoms of agitation.
Increases oxytocin levels in post-op patients
Following open-heart surgery, patients who were played soothing music exhibited increased levels of the relaxing hormone oxytocin.
Decreases anxious thoughts in cancer patients
Randomised trials suggest that music therapy is accepted by patients and associated with improved psychological outcomes by decreasing anxiety and troubling thoughts.
Calms adults who have dental anxiety
A systemic review of many studies shows that listening to music before a dental procedure decreases the feeling of anxiety.
Calms older adults with dementia
Allowing the participants of this study, who were older adults with dementia, to listen to their preferred music lowered their anxiety score.
Helps with preoperative anxiety
Music therapy is an effective complementary treatment to prepare patients to undergo invasive procedures by lowering their anxiety.
Calms patients on chemotherapy
Three sessions of music therapy were able to significantly reduce the level of anxiety in chemotherapy patients.
Alleviates anxiety associated with biopsies
Music therapy before and during biopsy was able to decrease blood pressure, heart rate, pain, and anxiety in patients.
Relaxes patients with COPD
Listening to music was more effective in relaxing patients with Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than progressive muscle relaxation.
Can be an alternative to pre-op anxiety medication
This study has found that listening to music prior to anesthesia is an effective alternative to sedative medication for relieving anxiety.
Helps with Generalised Anxiety Disorder
Patients who participated in music therapy showed significant improvement in their levels of anxiety.
Reduces maternal anxiety
Singing to babies delivered preterm helped in reducing the mother’s level of anxiety according to a study from the University of Helsinki.
Decreases the anxiety of pediatric patients in pain
According to a study published in the Journal of Music Therapy, music therapy interventions on patients undergoing pain treatment programs reported a decrease in levels of anxiety and increased levels of relaxation.
Relieves preoperative anxiety
Based on a study published in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, patients who were given music therapy experienced lower anxiety levels during their preoperative period compared to the control group who did not.
Music Therapy for Preoperative Anxiety Reduction in Women Undergoing Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Jvan Casarin MD, Antonella Cromi MD, PhD, Barbara Sgobbi MA, Anna Di Siena MD, Maurizio Serati MD, Maria Elena Bolis MS, Fabio Ghezzi MD.
Improves sleep quality
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports determined that listening to relaxing music prior to a nap improved both subjective and objective markers for sleep in some participants.
Reduces sleeping issues
A study published by the Journal of Advanced Nursing was able to demonstrate that relaxing classical music is an effective intervention in reducing sleeping problems.
Can improve chronic insomnia
A study was able to demonstrate that listening to music for 45 minutes before sleep for four days shortened stage 2 sleep duration while extending REM sleep which translates to improved sleep in adults with chronic insomnia.
Is effective for both acute and chronic insomnia
Music therapy, when used in adult participants, was able to improve both acute and chronic sleep disorders according in an analysis of randomised studies.
Decreases sleep onset, lessens night time awakenings and increases sleep satisfaction
A study of 52 women was able to determine that music therapy decreased the time for sleep onset, reduced nighttime awakenings, and increased overall sleep satisfaction.
Reduces the anaesthesia needed to reach sedation
The study shows that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia reduces the sedative requirements to reach light sedation.
Improves sleep quality in people with sleep complaints
An analysis of several studies has shown that music assisted relaxation improves the sleep quality of patients with sleep complaints.
Reduces the amount of medication needed for sedation in children
Children undergoing procedures while being treated with music therapy required less sedatives to achieve a state of relaxation.
Improves sleep in the elderly
According to a study published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine, music interventions were able to improve sleep latency, duration, and efficiency in elderly individuals.
Improves sleep quality
A comprehensive review of several music studies was published in the Canadian Journal of Music Therapy and showed that music therapy positively impacted overall sleep quality.
Improves quality of work
A study observed 56 software engineers while working while either listening to music or or in silence. The study found that the quality of work improved while participants listened to music.
Helps with accuracy and efficiency
The Journal of the American Medical Association published a study showing that surgeon accuracy and efficiency improved when surgeons worked with music playing especially if they were the ones who selected the songs.
Makes time feel like it's moving faster
According to a study featured in the journal Frontiers, listening to pleasant music makes our perception of time seem faster, making it useful for tedious and repetitive tasks.
Improves the creative process
A study published in the Journal of Consumer Research determined that listening to lyric-free ambient music played at a moderate volume improves the creative process.
Improves surgical accuracy
A review of studies published in the International Journal of Surgery showed that playing classical music at a low to medium volume can enhance the surgical task performance by improving both accuracy and speed.
Improves the quality of suturing by surgeons
Researchers showed that the introduction of meditation music during surgery, compared to normal surgery background noise, resulted in higher quality suturing (closing of wounds) by the surgeons.
Background music helps with focus and work
Working on a task while listening to background music increased focus, decreased mind wandering, and reduced distraction according to a study published in the journal Psychological Research.
Increases pain threshold
According to a study published in the journal Evolutionary Psychology, playing the drums, singing, and dancing increases endorphin levels making people more resistant to the pain experience.
Is effective in relieving pain
Researchers implemented an experiment which showed that a person’s preferred songs are an effective form of analgesic.
Relieves chronic pain
A study from the Clinical Journal of Pain was able to show that two daily sessions of listening to music helped a group of patients with chronic pain relieve the symptoms associated with their medical conditions.
The effects of music intervention in the management of chronic pain: a single-blind, randomized, controlled trial
Stéphane Guétin, Patrick Giniès, Didier Kong A Siou, Marie-Christine Picot, Christelle Pommié, Elisabeth Guldner, Anne-Marie Gosp, Katelyne Ostyn, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Jacques Touchon.
Helps to reduce both acute and chronic pain
According to this study, music acts as an adjunct to opioid medication, improving and complementing results in treating physical pain compared to opioids alone.
Can reduce the need for pain medication
According to this study, music is able to reduce the pain patients experience thereby minimising the expenses related to opioid pain medications.
Relieves pain after surgery
Patients under the study of Mount Sinai School of Medicine were able to report pain relief after spine surgery through the use of music therapy that includes live music and patient preferred songs.
Reduces pain from fibromyalgia
Another study from the Pain Management Nursing journal shows that music is an effective treatment for the pain symptoms of fibromyalgia, a condition known for its severe pain.
Reduces pain and anxiety after heart attacks
According to the American College of Cardiology, heart attack patients who listened to their preferred genre of music for 30 minutes a day reported significantly lower levels of anxiety and pain when tested.
Helps children with pain related to procedures
Several studies were able to demonstrate that music can alleviate pain and anxiety in children undergoing procedures such as vaccinations and blood draws.
Alleviates pain in burn patients
The use of music improved patients’ reports of pain as well as calming anxiety associated with their condition.
Helps relieve pain in hospitalised adults
According to this review of several studies, music is a safe and affordable adjuvant treatment for pain in hospitalised adults.
Lessens the pain of endoscopy procedures
This study involving 2,134 patients demonstrated that music significantly improves the pain scores related to endoscopic procedures.
Alleviates the pain and anxiety from spinal surgery
This study showed that music is effective in treating the pain and anxiety associated with spinal surgery.
Can reduce postoperative pain in children
A review of several studies using music therapy was able to demonstrate that music significantly reduces postoperative pain, anxiety, and stress in pediatric patients.
Relieves postoperative pain and relaxes patients
This study determined that recorded music and nature sounds were able to improve common manifestations of pain and anxiety while providing a means of relaxation in cardiovascular surgery patients.
Effect of the combination of music and nature sounds on pain and anxiety in cardiac surgical patients: a randomized study
Brent A Bauer, Susanne A Cutshall, Patricia G Anderson, Sharon K Prinsen, Laura J Wentworth, Tammy J Olney, Penny K Messner, Karen M Brekke, Zhuo Li, Thoralf M Sundt 3rd, Ryan F Kelly.